What is Vestibular Migraines: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment?

Vestibular Migraines: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

A nervous system disorder that makes a person experience loss of equilibrium or feels dizzy or woozy all of a sudden leads to vestibular migraines in patients having a history of symptoms of migraines. It is known by various other names by medicals, call it migraines vertigo or migraine-associated vertigo. The prevalence of Vestibular Migraines is majorly found in women as compared to men. A large population of women ranging between the age limit of 20 to 40 years is diagnosed with Vestibular Migraines. Ever since the advancements in medical technology, a large number of vestibular migraines remain undiagnosed.

As the name suggests, migraines are often associated with severe forms of headaches but vestibular migraines do not always come in the traditional form of headaches.

The vestibular system is responsible for hearing and regulating the balance of the body. A slight inflammation in it caused due to vestibular migraines triggers it’s functioning, resulting in sudden bouts of vertigo dizziness spells without any warning signs.

Living with such a condition is not an easy task as it seems to the outside world. Sudden occurrence of repeated episodes of vertigo bouts makes it difficult for a person to lead a normal happy life by hampering day to day activities. Sudden bouts of vertigo spells, inflammation in hearing ability, blurry vision, loss of equilibrium, etc. are some of the most common signs of Vestibular Migraines. Certain health conditions, hormonal changes, foods, sleep disturbances, stress, and weather changes trigger the symptoms of vestibular migraines even further. The right Vestibular Migraines treatment helps in easing the condition by alleviating the symptoms completely. It is advised to visit a doctor as soon as you start experiencing any signs and symptoms of vestibular migraines or experiencing any vertigo spells. An expert neurologist will diagnose your condition closely and would suggest you the right vertigo treatment depending upon the underlying cause. If Vestibular Migraines is diagnosed as the underlying cause of vertigo spells, an expert neurologist will prescribe a dose of Vestibular Migraine medicine or vertigo tablet depending upon the symptoms experienced by the patient. Your doctor may even ask you to make some alterations in your daily lifestyle for a speedy recovery. Let’s dig in to get more insight into vestibular migraine symptoms, causes, and Vestibular Migraines treatment.

Symptoms of Vestibular Migraine

Vestibular migraines do not necessarily come in the traditional forms of headaches. A person suffering from Vestibular Migraine experiences sudden strokes of dizziness or vertigo spells without any warning signs which makes a person lose balance. It may last up to minutes to hours to days depending upon the severity of the condition.

Vertigo spells emerge any time before, after, or even while a person is experiencing headaches. Vestibular Migraine is one such major cause that is responsible for causing vertigo spells.

As soon as you enter the final stage of vestibular migraine, vertigo symptoms start occurring without any warning signs. The slightest movement in the position of the head triggers the condition ever further making it difficult for a person to live with it.

Apart from sudden bouts of dizziness, there are other symptoms associated with vestibular migraines as well. Let’s have a look:

  1. Unsteadiness or lightheadedness
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Difficulty in maintaining balance or loss of equilibrium
  4. Motion sickness
  5. Sensitivity to sound or light

It is recommended to seek medical help immediately as soon as you experience any symptoms to get the best Vestibular Migraine treatment and get the condition treated on time.

Possible Vestibular Migraine causes

Till today the research is on to identify the accurate underlying cause of vestibular migraines. If reports are to be believed even after a lot of research work the underlying cause of vestibular migraines is still not completely understood by medical professionals. Patients of vestibular migraines experience sudden strokes of dizziness even after many years. Research and studies are still going on to come up with the most significant vestibular migraine causes.

Abnormal ‘electric’ messages can lead to vestibular migraines in patients is widely believed among the masses. Abnormal ‘electric’ messages can be responsible for widening the blood vessels present in and around the brain along with the vestibular artery present in the inner ear.

With each passing year, an increase in the percentage of vestibular migraine patients has been witnessed and the underlying cause remains undiagnosed. A majority of patients remain undiagnosed every year as vestibular migraines show a similar set of symptoms that are shown by other nervous system or vestibular system disorders as well. It becomes necessary to consult a doctor to seek medical advice and get the right vestibular migraine treatment and vestibular migraine medicines to treat the condition well.

Vestibular Migraine diagnosis and treatment


Once you seek medical help to get yourself diagnosed for vestibular migraine, an expert neurologist will examine the condition closely. He would seek a complete medical history and ask the patient to undergo various tests to identify the actual cause to suggest the right treatment for alleviating symptoms. Your doctor will ask you various questions such as frequency of vertigo bouts, duration of vertigo dizziness strokes, and how long does it last, to understand the severity of the condition. As per the symptoms, he would suggest the right Vestibular Migraine treatment accordingly.

Treatment for vestibular migraines

Doctors may suggest adopting healthy lifestyle habits along with a dose of vestibular migraine medicines if the case is severe for early recovery from such a condition. An expert neurologist will advise on the best vestibular migraine treatment as per the severity of the condition.

Modifications in food habits or dietary habits prevent vestibular migraine symptoms from triggering further. Eating a well-balanced diet, an adequate amount of sleep at the right time helps in easing the symptoms of vestibular migraine. Doctors generally recommend patients to either reduce or stop the intake of caffeine or caffeinated beverages, salt, and alcohol.

If the condition is severe and symptoms are intense, then the doctor will prescribe certain vestibular migraine medicines to alleviate the symptoms and ease the condition.

Beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, SSRIs, and antiepileptic medications are generally prescribed by doctors to treat the underlying condition that helps in alleviating the symptoms.

Doctors may even suggest you with vestibular migraine exercise which should be practiced regularly along with certain prescribed drugs for faster recovery. In some cases when a patient experiences bouts of dizziness due to movement in the position of the head, doctors may even recommend undergoing Vestibular migraine therapies to ease the symptoms. Seeking medical help at the right time helps in getting the right treatment and alleviating the symptoms completely within a shorter time frame.

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